Consumers, clients, activists or loiterers: citizenship in SA

Middle-class South Africans can buy rights (to water, electricity, security, education and health) if they need to and that makes them consumer citizens; those who don’t have the money to get their needs often turn into rebel citizens; those who use patronage links in the ruling party are client citizens and then there are those who are aliens, outsiders and others in South Africa who must avoid the state and live informally and under the radar. Laurence Piper thinks about how economic status and geographic location have impacts on what kind of citizen you can be in South Africa today.


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